GitHub and Bitbucket Integration
This document provides an overview of using GitHub or Bitbucket with CircleCI in the following sections:
- Enable Your Project to Check Out Additional Private Repositories
- Permissions Overview
- Permissions for Team Accounts
- How to Re-enable CircleCI for a GitHub Organization
- Adding Read/Write Deployment Keys to GitHub or Bitbucket
When you add a project to CircleCI, the following GitHub or Bitbucket settings are added to the repository using the permissions you gave CircleCI when you signed up:
- A deploy key that is used to check out your project from GitHub or Bitbucket.
- A service hook that is used to notify CircleCI when you push to GitHub or Bitbucket.
After you create and commit a
.circleci/config.yml file to your GitHub or Bitbucket repository CircleCI immediately checks your code out and runs your first job along with any configured tests. For example, if you are working on a Rails project using Postgres specifications and features you might configure the following job run step:
jobs: steps: - run: | bundle install bundle exec rake db:schema:load bundle exec rspec spec bundle exec cucumber
CircleCI runs your tests on a clean container every time so that your code is never accessible to other users and the tests are fresh each time you push. Watch your tests update in real-time on your dashboard or get status when CircleCI sends you a notification email after the job finishes. Status badges also appear on GitHub or Bitbucket as shown in the following screenshot for a commit from user keybits:
Integrated status also appears on the pull request screen, to show that all tests have passed:
Enable Your Project to Check Out Additional Private Repositories
If your testing process refers to multiple repositories, CircleCI will need a GitHub user key in addition to the deploy key because each deploy key is valid for only one repository while a GitHub user key has access to all of your GitHub repositories.
Provide CircleCI with a GitHub user key on your project’s Project Settings > Checkout SSH keys page. CircleCI creates and associates this new SSH key with your GitHub user account for access to all your repositories.
User key security
CircleCI will never make your SSH keys public.
Remember that SSH keys should be shared only with trusted users and that anyone that is a GitHub collaborator on a project employing user keys can access your repositories, so only entrust a user key to someone with whom you would entrust your source code.
User key access-related error messages
Here are common errors that indicate you need to add a user key.
Python: During the
pip install step:
ERROR: Repository not found.
Ruby: During the
bundle install step:
Permission denied (publickey).
Machine user keys
Consider using a machine user’s SSH key instead of a regular user’s key for automated tasks that may have restricted access to required repos. A machine user is a GitHub user which you create only for automated tasks. Add a machine user’s SSH key to your projects on CircleCI and use that key as the Checkout SSH key for these projects, instead of using deploy keys or your own SSH keys.
Here are the steps to set a machine user’s SSH key as a checkout key for your project.
Log in to GitHub as the machine user.
Go to https://circleci.com and log in. GitHub will ask you to authorize CircleCI to access the machine user’s account, so click on the Authorize application button.
Go to https://circleci.com/add-projects and follow the projects you want the machine user to have access to.
Go to the Project Settings > Checkout SSH keys page and then click on the Authorize w/GitHub button to give CircleCI permission to create and upload SSH keys to GitHub on behalf of the machine user.
Click the Create and add XXXX user key button on the same page.
CircleCI will use the machine user’s SSH key for any git commands run during your builds.
- add deploy keys to a repo
- add service hooks to a repo
- get a list of a user’s repos
- get a user’s email address
- (in some cases) add an SSH key to a user’s account
The first two permissions require write-permission to a repo.
Permissions for Team Accounts
This section provides an overview of the possible team and individual account choices available to meet various business needs:
If an individual has a personal GitHub account, they will use it to log in to CircleCI and follow the project on CircleCI. Each ‘collaborator’ on that repository in GitHub is also able to follow the project and build on CircleCI when they push commits. If you invite a collaborator, but they do not appear in the Team page in CircleCI, you can refresh this by clicking on the Resync with GitHub button from the Organization page.
If an individual upgrades to a GitHub Team account they can add team members and may give admin permissions on the repo to those who run builds. The owner of the team GitHub account (org) must go to the CircleCI Add Project, click the link to GitHub’s application permissions screen, and select Authorize CircleCI to enable members of the org to follow the project from their account. A team account with two members is $25 per month instead of $7 per month for a personal account.
An individual Bitbucket account is free for private repos for teams of up to five. An individual may create a Bitbucket team, add members and give out admin permissions on the repo as needed to those who need to build. This project would appear in CircleCI for members to follow without additional cost.
How to Re-enable CircleCI for a GitHub Organization
This section describes how to re-enable CircleCI after enabling third-party application restrictions for a GitHub organization. Go to GitHub Settings and in the “Organization access” section either:
- “Request access” if you are not an admin for the organization in question (an admin will have to approve the request) or
- “Grant access” if you are an admin
After access is granted, CircleCI should behave normally again.
GitHub recently added the ability to approve third party application access on a per-organization level. Before this change, any member of an organization could authorize an application (generating an OAuth token associated with their GitHub user account), and the application could use that OAuth token to act on behalf of the user via the API with whatever permissions were granted during the OAuth flow.
Now OAuth tokens will, by default, not have access to organization data when third party access restrictions are enabled. You must specifically request access on a per organization basis, either during the OAuth process or later, and an organization admin must approve the request.
You can enable third party access restrictions by visiting the organization settings page on GitHub, and clicking “Setup application access restrictions” button in the “Third-party application access policy” section.
If you enable these restrictions on an organization for which CircleCI has been running builds then we will stop receiving push event hooks from GitHub (thus not building new pushes), and API calls will be denied (causing, for instance, re-builds of old builds to fail the source checkout.) To get CircleCI working again you have to grant access to the CircleCI application.
The account and permissions system we use is not as clear as we would like and as mentioned we have a much improved system in development with users as first class citizens in CircleCI.
Adding Read/Write Deployment Keys to GitHub or Bitbucket
When you add a new project, CircleCI creates a deployment key on the web-based VCS (GitHub or Bitbucket) for your project. The deployment key is read-only, to prevent CircleCI from pushing to your repository. However, sometimes you may want push to the repository from your builds and you cannot do this with a read-only deployment key. It is possible to manually add a read/write deployment key with the following steps.
In this example, the GitHub repository is
https://github.com/you/test-repo and the project on CircleCI is
- Create an ssh key pair by following the GitHub instructions Note: when asked “Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase)”, do not enter a passphrase.
- Go to
https://github.com/you/test-repo/settings/keyson GitHub and click Add deploy key. Enter any title in the Title field, then copy and paste the public key you just created. Make sure to check Allow write access, then click Add key.
- Go to
https://circleci.com/gh/you/test-repo/edit#sshon CircleCI and add the private key that you just created. Enter
github.comin the Hostname field and press the submit button.
- In you config.yml, you can refer to the key with the following:
steps: - add-ssh-keys: fingerprints: - "SO:ME:FIN:G:ER:PR:IN:T"
That’s it! Now, when you push to your GitHub repository from a job run, the read/write key that you added will be used.